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Immune System Essay Research Paper

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Immune System Essay, Research Paper

????? ????? ??????

????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????. ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????, ??? ??????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????. ?? ??????? ?????? ???, ???? ??????, ???? ??????, ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????.

?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????. ?? ?????? ?”? ????? ????? “hematopoiesis”. ???? ???????????, ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???. ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?-B, ??? ?”?????? ???????”, ??????????? (??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????) ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???.

????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? T ??????. ????????? ???? ????? (?????? ?? ????????????), ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????.?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????, ??? T ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????, ???? ??? T ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????. ???? ???, ??? ?-T ??????? ???????? ?????? ???.

????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???. ??? ???? ???? B, ??? T, ????????, ??? ??????, “?????? ??????” ???????? ?? ??????. ????? ?????? ?????? ???? (????????) ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????, ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???. ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?-B ?? ?-T ????????. ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ?????, ??? B ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ???????. ?????, ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?????.

??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? T, ??? B, ??? ?????? ?????????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ????. ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????. ????? ???? ?????, ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ???? T ?-B, ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????.

??? ????? T ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????????? ???????. ??? ?-T ???????, ??????? ?? ??? T CD4+, ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????. ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????.

??? ??? ?? ??? T ?????? ??? T ?????? ?? ??? T CD8+. ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???????, ???? ???????? ??????, ??????? ??????. ??? ????? ??? ?-T ?????? ????? ????. ???? ??? ??? ?-T ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? (???? ?????? ??????) ?????? ???? ????? ??????, ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????, ????? ????, ??????, ?????? ??????? ??????.

??? “?????? ??????”, ??????? ?? ??? NK, ????? ?????? ??? ?-T ??????? (CD8+ T). ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? (???? ???), ???????, ????? ??????? ???????, ??? ????. ??? NK, ?? ??? ??? ?-T CD8+, ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ????? ???, ??? NK ??????? ?”? ?????? ???? ?-T CD4+ ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????.

?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?-B ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??????, ???????, ??? ???????. ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????. ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ????????, ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????, ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????.

???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??? T ???? B. ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????.

???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????, ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ?????, ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????. ???? ???? “????????” ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ???, ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????. ???? ??????? “?????? ??????” ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ???????. ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???????.

???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??’ ???? ??? ?????. ??? T ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ?”? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? B. ??? B ??????? ???????, ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????. ?? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?”? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? (??? ?? ?????????). ????????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????. ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ????. ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????.

???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???, ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???. ???? ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???. ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????. ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????. ???? ???? ??? ??? B ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????. ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????. ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?-B ????????? ????, ??? ?-B ?????? ???? ?????, ???????? ????? ???????. ????? ?? ???? ???, ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?-B ????? ???? ???? ????, ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???, ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????.

????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????. ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??????. ???? ??????? ????? ????, ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????, ??? ???? ?????? ???? ????, ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ?????.

????? ????, ????? ???, ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????. ?????? ?????, ????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???. ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????, ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????. ??? ??? ??????? ????, ????, ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?????.

????? (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? HIV ( Human Immunodeficiency Virus). ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????. ??????, ??? ????? ???? ??? T ????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? T ???? ?????, ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??.

????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????, ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????. ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????.

??????????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????. ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????. ????, ???? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???. ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????, ???? ???? ??????. ???????????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????, ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????.

??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????. ???? ?????? ???????????, ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? 10 ????. ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????????????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????. ????? ???, ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???????????? ????????. ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????.???? ?? ???, ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???????????? ?? ????? ????.

?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? autoimmunity. ????? ??????, ????? ?????, ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?????, ?????? ? ???? ????? ???????.

??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ?????, ??? ????? ???? ???????, ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? (???? ???????) ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????. ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????, ??? ????? ?? ????, ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????. ????, ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????, ????? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ?????? ???’. ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????. ?????? ?????, ????? ??????? ??????? ???????. ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ????, ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???. ???????? ?? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????????????.

????? ?? ????? ?????? ????, ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ???? ????, ???? ??’ ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????, ??? ???? ????? ??????? (rheumatoid arthritis), ???? ??? ?????? ????. ??? ????, ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ????, ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????, ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ????.

????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ????, ???? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ??????. ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ??. ????? ??? ?????, ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????, ???? ?????? ??????? ?????. ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????.

????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ????????. ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????. ?????? ???? ?? ????????? A,C ?-E (antioxidants) ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? (free radicals). ????????? B6, ?-b12 ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????, ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????.

?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ?????, ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ??, ????? ???, ??????, ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????.

???????, ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????, ????? ????, ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?????, ??? ?????? ???????, ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????. ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??, ???? ???? ???? ???? ?free radicals? ??????? ?? ?????.

????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??????. ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??????. ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????, ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????.

??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???. ??? ????, ????? ???, ???? ?????? ?????. ??????? ?????? ????? (???? ?? ????, ???????, ??????? ???’) ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????, ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?????. ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????, ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????. ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?????, ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????.

?????? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????. ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????, ?? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????, ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???????. ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????, ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????.

????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????. ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???????, ??????? ?? ?????? (???? ?????? ??????, ????? ??????? ???? ?????) ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????. ?????, ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????, ????, ?????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ?????, ?????, ??? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????, ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????, ??????? ??????? ????????.

Reference

?http://www.keratin.com/am/amindex.shtml

?http://www-micro.msb.le.ac.uk/MBChB/2b.html

?http://gened.emc.maricopa.edu/bio/bio181/BIOBK/BioBookIMMUN.html

?http://rex.nci.nih.gov/PATIENTS/INFO_TEACHER/bookshelf/NIH_immune/html/imm01.html

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